Improvised Device Defeat

Improvised Device Defeat (IDD) Subgroup


Identify, prioritize, and execute advanced research and development projects to address interagency requirements for safely and effectively defeating improvised terrorist devices. Emphasis is placed on technologies to enhance the training and support of operational personnel in the location, identification, rendering safe, and disposal of homemade explosives, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and other emerging terrorist threats.

The Improvised Device Defeat (IDD) Subgroup provides rapid prototyping, capability development, and delivers advanced technologies, tools, and information to increase the operational capabilities of the U.S. military Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) community and federal, state, and local bomb squads to defeat and neutralize terrorist devices. In collaboration with military, federal, state, and local agencies, the IDD Subgroup identifies and prioritizes multi-agency user requirements through joint working groups and then actively works with vendors and end users to deliver an advanced prototype systems that provide more efficiency and a greater degree of safety for bomb technicians to investigate, access, evaluate, and if needed, renders safe suspect devices whether emplaced, person-borne or vehicle-borne. The Chairman of the National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board chairs the subgroup.

Focus areas

Device Defeat

Device DefeatDevelop advanced technologies to defeat the broad spectrum of improvised terrorist devices to include IEDs, vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs), person-borne IEDs (PBIEDs), and enhanced hazard devices containing chemical, biological, or radiological materials. Develop innovative, cost-effective disruption and precision render-safe solutions that increase standoff distance, reduce collateral damage, and decrease risk to the improvised devices defeat operator. Improve neutralization techniques for both sensitive and insensitive explosives and enhanced payloads such as flammable liquids and gases.

Identification and Diagnostics

Identification and DiagnosticsImprove the capability of improvised device defeat operators to interrogate unknown or suspect items and packages. Develop better technologies to locate and identify improvised devices and enhanced fillers, and diagnose key fuzing and firing components. Develop tools to assist improvised devices defeat operators in the identification of U.S. and non-U.S. ordnance and firing systems incorporated into or modified for use in improvised devices.

Emerging Threats

Emerging ThreatsIncrease operational ability to effectively counter radio-controlled improvised explosive devices and provide safe environments for improvised devices defeat operators. Develop, characterize, and test technology solutions to safely and effectively render safe or neutralize devices containing improvised explosives. Develop, characterize, and test technology solutions to effectively render safe improvised devices using novel fuzing systems with electronic sensors, microcontrollers, or mechatronic components.

Remote Procedures

Remote ProceduresDevelop advanced systems to remotely access, diagnose, and defeat improvised devices. Advance the development of manufacturer- and model-independent products and robotic tools with “plug and play” interface. Develop open-architecture, navigation, communication, and operator controls for robotic platforms, tools, and sensors.


Tool Characterization and Information Resources

Tool Characterization and Information ResourcesImprove performance evaluation methodologies, test procedures, and tool characterization models for improvised device defeat technologies. Conduct ongoing evaluation and improvement of tools, methods, and protocols for confirming the accuracy of detection equipment, reliability of diagnostic tools, and completeness of neutralization and safeing techniques. Advance training concepts and information delivery systems that promote the tactical and operational response readiness required to effectively, safely, and efficiently counter improvised devices and emerging terrorist threats.

Maritime Security

Maritime SecurityDevelop technologies to protect ships, boats, docking facilities, offshore platforms, shore side loading facilities, power plants, bridges, and marine cables and pipelines from any form of terrorist attack, including water-borne and underwater IEDs. Develop and test technologies to include manned or unmanned long- and short-range sensors for detection and tracking; physical barriers and stopping devices; unmanned surface, underwater, and air vehicles; weapons; armor; life support; diving and underwater systems; and mammal systems.



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